News Archive for 2010

Successful National Conference on Peace and Conflict Research held in Uppsala

Keynote speaker at the conference Prof. Stathis Kalyvas (l), together with Associate Prof. Kristine Höglund and Prof. Peter Wallensteen.

The biannual National Conference on Peace and Conflict Research – sponsored by Folke Bernadotte Academy – held at Uppsala University on 16–17 December 2010 concluded in success. During the one and a half conference days ongoing research in the broad realm of peace and conflict was discussed among PhD students and scholars active in research environments in Sweden. Among the over 60 participants attending the conference there were also researchers from African research milieus and the Peace Research Institute in Oslo. Professor Stathis Kalyvas, Yale University was the conference keynote speaker on the theme: “The Transformation of Civil Wars: 1800–2010”. "The Future of Peace and Conflict Research" was discussed in a round table with Associate Professor Karin Aggestam, Lund University, Professor Christine Sylvester, Göteborg University/Lancaster University and Professor Peter Wallensteen, Uppsala University. Associate Professor Kristine Höglund was moderating the discussion. The final conference program can be found below.

The previous national conference in 2008 was successfully organized in Lund. The National Conference 2012 will be held in Göteborg and the 2014 conference in Umeå.

 


New Book about Jan Eliasson Launched Internationally

We are happy to announce the publishing of the newest book by Professor Peter Wallensteen and Associate Professor Isak Svensson called "The Go-Between - Jan Eliasson and the Styles of Mediation". The publishing of the book was accompanied by three international book launches, stretching from USIP in Washington D.C., USA, over the Göteborg book fair in Sweden, to Otago University, New Zealand. Jan Eliasson, whose remarkable mediation experience over the last decades is analyzed in the book, has repeatedly been a Visiting Professor at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research in Uppsala. 

Isak Svensson and Peter Wallensteen, The Go-Between, Jan Eliasson and the Styles of Mediation, Washington: U.S. Institute of Peace Press (2010)Success in international mediation hinges on the skill, style, and methods of the mediator. This volume explores international mediation through the lens of Ambassador Jan Eliasson, an international go-between with a remarkable track record.

Authors Svensson and Wallensteen contend that international mediators’ styles vary in four dimensions—scope, method, mode, and focus—and that the mandate mediators receive strongly determines the style they adopt. The authors draw lessons for the peacemaking process from their examination of how Eliasson entered, prepared, pursued, and finally ended his mediation efforts.

Svensson and Wallensteen evaluate Eliasson’s role in six cases: two missions on the Iran-Iraq conflict; two cases of humanitarian diplomacy, in Burma/Myanmar and in Sudan; and two cases of internal armed conflicts, in Nagorno-Karabakh and in Darfur. Analyzing the role of the mediator in each of these instances offers insight into the constraints mediators face and outcomes they may achieve in other scenarios. The authors conclude with ten implications for mediation research and practice.

As a special feature of this volume, the authors incorporate excerpts from extensive interviews and diary entries from Jan Eliasson on his mediation experiences.

 


Forthcoming books at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research

This autumn will see the release of two books at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research:

  • Thomas Ohlson, ed. From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and Its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War. Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishers (forthcoming 2011)
  • Isak Svensson and Peter Wallensteen, The Go-Between, Jan Eliasson and the Styles of Mediation, Washington: U.S. Institute of Peace Press (2010)

Following the Gothenburg Book Fair’s focus on Africa this year, researchers of the Department had a panel discussion on how to solve the continent’s numerous armed conflicts. Findings from the two books were presented by Professor Thomas Ohlson and Visiting Professor Jan Eliasson (former Swedish Foreign Minister and UNSG envoy to Darfur), with Associate Professor Erik Noreen, head of the Department, as moderator.From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and Its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War.Based on the three departure points – a novel framework, previously unpublished data on conflict and a conflict resolution in Africa, and a survey of external and internal structural constraints facing the continent – this volume is a comprehensive examination of intra-state armed conflicts in Africa after the Cold War and of attempts to terminate them and challenges to the successful termination of wars. The focus is on short-term concerns: demilitarisation, issues related to human and collective security, and the post-conflict distribution of political power. Chapters centre on key explanatory factors influencing the volatile periods just before and after a war is terminated, when negotiation replaces fighting and when peace agreements are being hammered out and implemented, often in an environment of fear, mistrust and resource scarcity.The Go-Between, Jan Eliasson and the Styles of MediationThis volume explores international mediation through the lens of Ambassador Jan Eliasson, an international go-between with a remarkable track record.Authors Svensson and Wallensteen contend that international mediators’ styles vary in four dimensions—scope, method, mode, and focus—and that the mandate media¬tors receive strongly determines the style they adopt. The authors draw lessons for the peacemaking process from their examination of how Eliasson entered, prepared, pursued, and finally ended his mediation efforts. Svensson and Wallensteen evaluate Eliasson’s role in six cases, which offers insight into the constraints mediators face and outcomes they may achieve in other scenarios. The authors conclude with ten implications for mediation research and practice.As a special feature of this volume, the authors incorporate excerpts from extensive interviews and diary entries from Jan Eliasson on his mediation experiences.

 


Meet researchers of the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at the Gothenburg Book Fair!

 

The Department of Peace and Conflict Research will together with its Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) be represented at the Gothenburg Book Fair, 23-26 September 2010. Visit our booth at the Research Square (forskartorget) to get an introduction to the Uppsala Conflict Database, the work of the Department and our latest publications!

The focus of this year’s book fair is Africa, and members of the Department will have a panel discussion about how to solve the continent’s numerous armed conflicts. Professor Thomas Ohlson and Visiting Professor Jan Eliasson (former Swedish Foreign Minister and UNSG envoy to Darfur) will present insights from two forthcoming books.

  • Ohlson, Thomas, ed. From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and Its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War. Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishers (forthcoming autumn 2010)
  • Svensson, Isak and Peter Wallensteen, The Go-Between, Jan Eliasson and the Styles of Mediation, Washington: U.S. Institute of Peace Press (forthcoming autumn 2010)

Location: Sunday, 26 September 2010, 11.20 a.m., International Square (Internationella Torget), Stora Scen.

 


Håkan Wiberg Veteran Peace Researcher Dies

Professor Håkan Wiberg, born in 1942, passed away at his home in Copenhagen on July 3, 2010. It is a great loss to Scandinavian peace research. Håkan Wiberg was strongly committed to the advancement of scholarly understanding of peace and war. He meant a lot to the Department and served as Visiting Professor in 2001, when he gave a much-appreciated course on Peace Research Classics.

Håkan Wiberg was Professor of Sociology at Lund University and Director of the Copenhagen Peace Research Institute, COPRI, until its merger into the Danish Institute of International Studies. He had a background in philosophy and mathematics, and displayed deep knowledge of history, thus exemplifying the value of cross-disciplinarity.

Håkan Wiberg was a pioneer of peace research at Swedish universities. It is sad that his own university, Lund University, did not embrace the idea at the time, in spite of intensive efforts. Wiberg devoted considerable time and energy to COPRI, which he turned into an active milieu, where the work of Barry Buzan and Ole Waever (the so-called Copenhagen School) found a productive environment.

His book Konfliktteori och fredsforskning (Conflict Theory and Peace Research, 1976, 1990) was a cornerstone in peace studies in Scandinavia and expressed his comprehensive and at the same time focused understanding of the discipline. It inspired generations of students and researchers.

Professor Wiberg demonstrated an encyclopedic knowledge into a variety of issues of central concern to peace research. This made him a significant contributor in many research areas. He could combine thoughts into surprising and stimulating conclusions. His broad insight and openness made him an excellent external examiner (opponent) and member of dissertation committees, promotion review boards, as well as editorial committees, for instance of the Journal of Peace Research (where he was the longest serving member of its editorial board). Wiberg was also a key actor behind the European Peace Research Association, and was devoted to IPRA, the International Peace Research Association.

Among his many scholarly achievements was bringing game theory into Nordic peace research, adding fresh ideas into early sanctions studies, contributing to theories of civilian resistance and working on a major project on youth and the future in the 1960s and 1970s. In particular, he was intensively engaged in furthering the idea of peace research as such and what it can now teach about conflict and peace.

He was seriously concerned about certain conflict regions, notably the Horn of Africa and the Balkans, and about the US policies in Iraq and Afghanistan. He constantly searched for non-violent ways of dealing with conflict. Indeed, he had a strong personal commitment to peace, which made him an early conscientious objector to the Swedish draft system, which actually resulted in his imprisonment.

Professor Håkan Wiberg will be remembered as a great personality, with empathy and many intellectual and social skills. Teachers, researchers and students of Uppsala University profited from his many and productive seminars. Håkan Wiberg is deeply missed.

Peter Wallensteen

 


Master's Ceremony, Masters, 2010

For the first time the Department arranged a celebration for the students that have successfully graduated from the Master Programme 'Politics and International Studies', with a specialization in peace and conflict studies. It took place on June 4, 2010 in the Main University Building. The picture shows the new Masters with teachers and staff of the Department.

 


New Doctors in Peace Research

The Department has successfully graduated four Ph.D.s during the past academic year, three of whom participated in the Promotion ceremony, in the Uppsala Main University Building, Friday 28, 2010. From left: Jannie Lilja, Erika Forsberg and Hanne Fjelde. Pedro Valenzuela, based in Bogota, Colombia, could not participate. Hanne Fjelde was also selected by the University Rector to give the speech of the new doctors to their teachers at the gala dinner in Uppsala Castle following the promotion ceremony.

"We are happy to see this strong turnout from our reseach education program" says the Head of Department, Associate Professor Erik Noreen. "Not the least is the high number of female graduates gratifying".