Between 2005-2009, the Department offered a ten-day Top Level Seminar on Peace and Security (TOPS) to contribute to conflict resolution competence in the developing world. The principal objective was to provide a meeting point for organisation-based practitioners and academics in the field of conflict resolution. TOPS was given once a year between 2005 and 2006 and from 2007 twice a year: one programme with a global focus and another programme with a special focus on peace and security in Africa. Participants representing NGOs, government authorities and academic institutions from some 8-10 conflict, or post-conflict countries attended TOPS. A total of 25 participants attended each program, as a rule 3-5 participants from each country. A total of 187 participants from 37 countries have attended TOPS.
Advanced International Programme in Conflict Resolution (PACS) was a six-weeks programme in conflict resolution given between the years 1988-2004. PACS, like TOPS, aimed at strengthening the conflict resolution competence in the developing world. The programme focused on theory and practice of peaceful management of large-scale conflicts within and between states, trends and origins of contemporary patterns of conflict, and on ways of solving conflicts in equitable and durable manners. PACS consisted of 25 participants as a rule representing participants form academic institutions, government authorities and NGOs from up to 25 different countries in each program, maximum 2 participants from the same country. A total of 421 participants have attended PACS representing a total of 78 countries.