Threat Politics

Project Leader Johan Eriksson, Associate Professor, Södertörn University College; Erik Noreen (assistant leader) Associate Professor, Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University

Project Period

2000 - 2007

Contact Person

Erik Noreen

Other Project Employees

Anzhelika Mamytova (2005-2006);
Jan Softa, Swedish Institute of International Affairs (SIIA) 2003-2005;
Christopher Jones, SIIA 2003-2005;
Ylva Blondel, Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University (2004);
Roxanna Sjöstedt, Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University (2003-)

Project Description

The project aims at explaining why certain threat images appear on the political agenda and others do not, with focus on the Baltic Sea region. The issue of how a political agenda is set has been studied in a series of different contexts and with the aid of any number of different theoretical approaches. However few of these studies deal explicitly with threat, risks or security issues. The purpose is therefore to analyze threat images within a Baltic Sea regional context, that is why some threat images take on societal salience in the Baltic Sea region while others do not, and to examine how this affects the political relationships in the region.

Publications

Books

Eriksson, Johan (red.) Hotbildernas politik. Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska institutet.

Eriksson, Johan & Giampiero Giacomello, eds (2006) International Relations and Security in the Digital Age. London: Routledge (forthcoming).

Eriksson, Johan (2004) Kampen om hotbilden. Rutin och drama i svensk säkerhetspolitik. Stockholm: Santérus.

Eriksson, Johan (ed.) (2001) Threat Politics. New Perspectives on Security, Risk and Crisis Management. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

Jones, Christopher (2005) The Nordic Way: The Role of Ideas and Policy Diffusion in Nordic Security Policy. PhD Thesis, Manchester Metropolitan University.

Noreen, Erik, Susanna Björk & Stefan Lundblad) (2002) Hot, identitet och historiebruk. Analys av det säkerhetspolitiska språkets utveckling i Baltikum under 1990-talet. Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Articles (scientific journals)

Eriksson, Johan & Giampiero Giacomello (2006) ‘The Information Revolution, Security and International Relations: (IR)relevant Theory?’ International Political Science Review, 27(3): 221-244.

Eriksson, Johan & Nancy Newlove (2006) ‘The Myth of Homeland Security’, revise and resubmit status, Security Dialogue.

Eriksson, Johan (2006) “Beyond Cyberspace: Estonian Conceptions of Threats to Information Security”, revise and resubmit status, Contemporary Security Policy.

Eriksson, Johan & Bengt Sundelius (2005) ‘Molding Minds That Form Policy: How to Make Research Useful,’ International Studies Perspectives, 6(1): 51-71.

Eriksson, Johan (2001) ‘Cyberplagues, IT and Security: Security Policy in the Information Age’, Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 9(4): 211-222.

Eriksson, Johan (2000) ‘Machiavelli and Critical Security Studies?,’ Cooperation and Conflict 35(1).

Eriksson, Johan (1999) ‘Observers or Advocates? On the Political Role of Security Analysts’, Cooperation and Conflict 34(2). Eriksson, Johan (1999) ‘Debating the Politics of Security Studies’ Cooperation and Conflict 34(2).

Holmqvist, Caroline (2006) “Risk Studies and Threat Politics” revise and resubmit status, Security Dialogue.

Mamytova, Anzhelika (2006) ' Threats to security in the 21st century: How they are viewed in Russia.' Acta Euroasica 2(32).(In Russian with abstract in English)

Noreen, Erik and Roxanna Sjöstedt (2004) ‘Estonian Identity Formations and Threat Framing in the Post-Cold War Era’ Journal of Peace Research 41(6): 733-750.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna (2007) ‘The Discursive Origins of a Doctrine: Norms, Identity and Securitization under Harry S. Truman and George W. Bush’ Foreign Policy Analysis (forthcoming).

Articles (popular science)

Eriksson, Johan & Erik Noreen (2006) “Hur man säljer hot”, Axess (November).

Eriksson, Johan (2006) ”Vad är ett hot?”, onlinetext publicerad av Styrelsen för Psykologiskt Försvar. Tillgänglig på www.sakerhetspolitik.se

Eriksson, Johan (2003) ‘Sweden’s Commitment Problem,’ Foreign Policy, July/August, pp. 112-13.

Eriksson, Johan (2003) ”Myten om hemlandets säkerhet”, Internationella Studier, no 2: 3-9.

Eriksson, Johan (2002) ”Misslyckad säkerhetsdoktrin”, Sydsvenska Dagbladet, 21 februari.

Eriksson, Johan, Erik Noreen, Fredrik Bynander, Alexa Robertson och Anders Mellbourn (2001) ”Försvaret skapar egna hotbilder”, DN Debatt, 17 februari.

Eriksson, Johan, Erik Noreen, Fredrik Bynander, Alexa Robertson och Anders Mellbourn (2001) ”Hotbilder måste upp till debatt”, DN Debatt, 25 februari.

Eriksson, Johan (2001) ”Vem öppnade Pandoras ask? Om forskningen och de ’nya’ hotbilderna” Försvar i nutid, no. 4: 70-73. Softa, Jan (2005) ‘Globalisering – informationssamhället’ Epok (www.ui.se).

Softa, Jan (2002) ”Det ansiktslösa IT-hotet”, Västerbottenskuriren och Utrikespolitiska Institutets presstjänst.

Softa, Jan (2001) ”Millenniebuggen – Årtusendets hot?” Falukuriren och Utrikespolitiska Institutets presstjänst.

Book Reviews

Eriksson, Johan (2006) Review of Anthony D. Lott’s book “Creating Insecurity: Realism, Constructivism and US Security Policy” (Ashgate), Australian Journal of Political Science (forthcoming).

Eriksson, Johan (2006) “Nationell nyhetskultur i globaliseringens tidevarv”, recension av Maria Hellmans avhandling ’Televisual representations of France and the United Kingdom under globalization’ (Stockholms universitet), Internationella Studier (kommande).

Eriksson, Johan (2004) ‘Research for Whom? Social Science and Public Policy’, Book review of Lisa Anderson’s Pursuing Truth, Exercising Power (Columbia UP), International Studies Review 6, 333-335.

Eriksson, Johan (2001) Book review of Barry Buzan, Ole Waever and Jaap de Wilde’s book “Security: A New Framework for Analysis” (Lynne Rienner), Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 9(1): 61-63.

Eriksson, Johan (2001) ”Resa genom säkerhetspolitiska debatter”, recension av Wilhelm Agrells bok ’Det europeiska korthuset. Konturer av en hotbild’ (Wahlström & Widstrand), Internationella Studier, nr 2.

Chapters in books

Blondel, Ylva I., 2004. Chapter 3 in Media and Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization: Paris.

Eriksson, Johan & Giampiero Giacomello (2006) ‘Closing the Gap Between International Relations Theory and Studies of Digital-Age Security’, in J. Eriksson & G. Giacomello, eds. International Relations and Security in the Digital Age. London: Routledge (forthcoming).

Eriksson, Johan, Ralf Bendrath & Giampiero Giacomello (2006) ‘From “Cyberterrorism to Cyberwar, Back and Forth: How the United States Securitized Cyberspace’ in J. Eriksson & G. Giacomello, eds. International Relations and Security in the Digital Age. London: Routledge (forthcoming).

Eriksson, Johan & Giampiero Giacomello (2006) ‘Digital-Age Security in Theory and Practice’ in J. Eriksson, Johan & G. Giacomello, eds. International Relations and Security in the Digital Age. London: Routledge (forthcoming).

Eriksson, Johan & Ian Hosein (2006) ‘International Policy Dynamics and the Regulation of Dataflows: Bypassing Domestic Restrictions’, in J. Eriksson & G. Giacomello, eds. International Relations and Security in the Digital Age. London: Routledge (forthcoming).

Eriksson, Johan (2006) ‘Power Disparity in the Digital Age’, in O. Knudsen (ed.) Security Strategies, Power Disparity and Identity. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

Eriksson, Johan (2006) ‘Konstruktivism’, in J. Tallberg and J. Gustavsson, eds. Internationella relationer. Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Eriksson, Johan (2002) ‘Explaining Security Agenda Setting: Beyond the Domestic Realm’, pp. 81-92 in Olav F. Knudsen (ed.) Cooperation or Competition? A Juxtaposition of Research Problems Regarding Security in the Baltic Sea Region. Research Reports No. 1, 2002. Stockholm: Södertörn University College and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs.

Eriksson, Johan (2002) ‘Comments on Rikard Bengtsson’s Paper’, pp. 41-43 in Olav F. Knudsen (ed.) Cooperation or Competition? A Juxtaposition of Research Problems Regarding Security in the Baltic Sea Region. Research Reports No. 1, 2002. Stockholm: Södertörn University College and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs.

Eriksson, Johan (2001) ‘Introduction’, pp. 1-17 in Johan Eriksson ed., Threat Politics. New Perspectives on Security, Risk and Crisis Management. Aldershot: Ashgate Publications.

Eriksson, Johan (2001) ‘Securitizing IT’, in Johan Eriksson (ed.), Threat Politics. New Perspectives on Security, Risk and Crisis Management. Aldershot: Ashgate Publications.

Eriksson, Johan (2001) ‘Conclusion: Towards a Theory of Threat Politics’, in Johan Eriksson ed., Threat Politics. New Perspectives on Security, Risk and Crisis Management. Aldershot: Ashgate Publications.

Jones, Christopher (2006) “Security Strategies in the Baltic Sea Region”, in O.F. Knudsen ed., Power Disparity, Security and Identity (forthcoming).

Jones, Christopher (2005) “Concepts of Security in the Nordic and Baltic States”, in Past and Future of the Baltic Sea Region. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola.

Noreen, Erik (2007) “Socializing Baltic States into a Security Community” in Douglas W. Blum (ed.) Russia and the World. Security and Identity in an Era of Globalization. The George Kennan Institute. Woodrow Wilson International Center (forthcoming).

Noreen, Erik (2006) “Threat Images and Socialization: Estonia and Russia in the New Millennium” in Olav F. Knudsen (ed.) Power Disparity, Security and Identity.

Noreen, Erik (2005) “Who is Afraid of the Russian Bear?”, pp. 261-285, in G. Bolin et al (eds.) The Challenge of the Baltic Sea Region. Culture, Ecosystems, Democracy. Huddinge: Södertörn University College.

Noreen, Erik (2001) ”Verbal Politics of Estonian Policy-makers: Reframing Security and Identity”, pp. 84-99 in J. Eriksson (ed.) Threat Politics. New Perspectives on Security, Risk and Crisis Management. Aldershot: Ashgate Publications.

Reports

Eriksson, Johan & Erik Noreen (2006) Hotbildsentreprenörens verktygslåda. Stockholm, KBM:s temaserie (2006:6).

Eriksson, Johan & Erik Noreen (2002) Setting the Agenda of Threats: An Explanatory Model, Uppsala Peace Research Papers No. 6. Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.

Eriksson, Johan (red.) Hotbildernas politik. Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska institutets säkerhetspolitiska råd.

Eriksson, Johan (red.) (2000) Hotbilder på dagordningen. Om ett breddat säkerhetsbegrepp i debatt, media och politik. Occassional Paper 17. Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet.

Eriksson, Johan (2000) Agendas, Threats and Politics: Securitization in Sweden, Aberdeen Studies in Politics No. 7. Department of Politics and International Relations, Aberdeen University.

Softa, Jan (2006) Rysk informationssäkerhet: hotbilder och motåtgärder. Stockholm: KBM:s Temaserie (kommande).

Softa, Jan et al (2003) IT & sårbarhet. Kritiska beroendeförhållanden i den nationella IT-infrastrukturen. KBM:s Temaserie 2003:5. Stockholm: Krisberedskapsmyndigheten.

Softa, Jan & Holmgren, Jonas (2003) The Functional Security Agenda of the Nordic States. Opublicerad rapport, Utrikespolitiska Institutet.

Softa, Jan & Holmgren, Jonas (2002) Millenniebuggen på dagordningen – en komparativ analys av 2000-frågan i Ryssland, Sverige och USA. Stockholm: Krisberedskapsmyndigheten.

Softa, Jan & Holmgren, Jonas (2001) Årtusendets hot? Y2K-buggen på dagordningen i Ryssland, Sverige och USA. Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet.

Conference papers

Blondel, Ylva (2004) “Does the media promote terrorism?” ECPR-Uppsala Joint Sessions Workshop (April) www.essex.ac.uk/ECPR/

Blondel, Ylva (2004) “Television media coverage of acts of terror and France’s security agenda” SGIR Conference, The Haag (Sept. 9th-11th) www.sgir.org

Blondel, Ylva & Roxanna Sjöstedt (2005) “Decision-making, visual information and threats” Annual ISA Convention, Honolulu, Hawaii (March) www.isanet.org.

Eriksson, Johan, Erik Noreen and Roxanna Sjöstedt (2006) “Threat Politics: A Synthesis”, unpublished paper, Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet. Under revidering för internationell publicering.

Eriksson, Johan (2006) “Why Problems Fail to Get Onto the Agenda”, unpublished paper, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola.

Eriksson, Johan (2005) “Framing Fear: A Comparative Analysis of US and Russian Conceptions of Information Security Threats”, unpublished paper, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola.

Eriksson, Johan (2004) “Hacked sovereignty or state resiliency?” Paper presented at the SGIR conference in The Hague 9-11 September 2004.

Eriksson, Johan & Giampiero Giacomello (2004) ‘International Relations Theory and Digital Age Security’, paper presented at the International Studies Association, 16-20 March 2004, Montreal.

Eriksson, Johan “The Politics of Estonian Cybersecurity”, paper presented at the second annual conference on Security, Identity and Co-operation in the Baltic Sea Region, 16-17 August 2003.

Eriksson, Johan, Eric K. Stern & Bengt Sundelius (2001) ‘Bridging theory and practice in crisis management: The Swedish experience’, pp. 19-33 in G.P. Herd & J. Huru (eds.), EU Civilian Crisis Management. Conflict Studies Research Centre, M22.

Jones, Christopher, “The ability to be heard: international threat agenda setting”, unpublished paper. (Ska skickas till tidskrift för peer review.)

Jones, Christopher, “Power and ideas in the Baltic Sea region”, conference paper, ISA Montreal, March 2004.

Jones, Christopher, “Setting the agenda of threats in an enlarged Europe”, conference paper, SGIR The Hague, September 2004. Jones, Christopher, “Gemensam säkerhet i en ny tid: reflektioner och relevans”, working paper, Broderskapsrörelsen, Stockholm, October 2004.

Jones, Christopher, ”Common Security in the 21st Century: a Baltic Sea perspective”, conference paper, Södertörns högskola, Stockholm, October 2004.

Noreen, Erik, “Who’s Afraid of the Russian Bear”, presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association. Threat Politics II Panel. Socialization and Diffusion of Threats, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1-6 March, 2005.

Noreen, Erik “Estonian and Russian Threat Images after the Cold War”, presented at the Standing Group of International Relations (SGIR) 5th Pan-European International Relations Conference, the Hague, 9 – 11 September 2004

Noreen, Erik & Roxanna Sjöstedt, “Estonian Identity Formations and Threat Framing in the Post-Cold War Era”, presented at the 45th Annual International Studies Association (ISA) Convention; Montreal, 17 – 20 March 2004.

Noreen, Erik, “Estonian Threat Politics in the new millennium”, presented at the Nordbalt Workshop in Sake, Estonia, September 5-7, 2003.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “When is a Threat Threatening? Securitizing HIV/AIDS in Russia” Paper presented at 2006 Swedish Doctoral Candidates’ Conference on Methods, Varberg 12-13 June 2006.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “When is a Threat Threatening? Sketching a theoretical framework to explain how and why an issue is securitized”, presented at the 47th Annual International Studies Association (ISA) Convention; San Diego, 21 – 25 March 2006 Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “Decision-Making, Visual Information, and Threats,” with Ylva I. Blondel, presented at the 46th Annual International Studies Association (ISA) Convention; Honolulu, 1 – 5 March 2005.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “Russia in IR Studies: The methodology of how to study security policy decision-making”. Paper presented at 6th European International Relations Summer School (EIRSS), Moscow August 1-13 2005, hosted by the Standing Group on International Relations of the ECPR.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “Terrorism is everywhere: the new Russian security agenda” .Paper presented at 6th European International Relations Summer School (EIRSS), Moscow August 1-13 2005, hosted by the Standing Group on International Relations of the ECPR.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “When is a Threat Threatening? Decision-making processes in the American and Russian post-Cold War security contexts” (2005). Research Plan for Dissertation presented at the 2005 PhD Students’ Symposium on Peace and Conflict Research, Göteborg, April 28-29.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “The Birth of a Doctrine: a Discursive Approach to How and Why Two American Security Doctrine Were Created”, presented at the Standing Group of International Relations (SGIR) 5th Pan-European International Relations Conference, the Hague, 9 – 11 September 2004.

Sjöstedt, Roxanna, “Discursive Identity Constructions - A Tentative Application on Estonian Policy Documents” (2003). Paper published on the Threat Politics website.

Softa, Jan “Contending Threat Framing in the Digital Age: A Review of the Information Security Literature.” Paper presented at the Pan-European IR conference, The Hague, 9-11 September 2004.

Softa, Jan (2004) ‘Framed vs. Real IT threats – the Case of Estonia’, i Callaos, N. et al (eds.) The 8th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics – July 18-21, 2004. Orlando: IIIS.

Softa, Jan (2003) ”De glömda pusselbitarna vid analysen av hot mot IT-samhällets infrastruktur”, opublicerad uppsats. Stockholm, Utrikespolitiska Institutet.

Other Project Activities

The project is connected to the program Power Disparity, Identity and Cooperative Security: The Baltic Sea Region in a Comparative Perspective, headed by professor Olav F. Knudsen 2002-2005.

Main Financial Support

Swedish Emergency Management Agency (Krisberedskapsmyndigheten, earlier ÖCB)

Useful Links

Krisberedskapsmyndigheten (KBM)