The Transnational Dimensions of Post-War Reconcilation

Project Leader Jonathan Hall, PhD Candidate

Project Period

2007-2012

Project Description

This dissertation project takes a transnational perspective on post-war reconciliation, examining the factors that contribute to reconciliation both in the local and war-generated diaspora population of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the linkages between the two. Much attention is often paid to understanding how the goals of reconciliation can be achieved in post-war societies. Nevertheless, international interventions often fail in their attempts to support a transformation of the fundamental conflictive beliefs that reflect continuing societal insecurity and make a return to war possible.

At the same time, war generates migration, and migrants often stay deeply connected with their homelands politically, economically and socially. A dearth of attention has been paid to the conditions under which reconciliation in war-generated diaspora communities may be achieved; the nature and extent of their transnational activities; and whether and to what extent these activities impact the conflictive beliefs and attitudes of the homeland population. Understanding why there are differences between the reconciliatory attitudes of diaspora and local communities may help to shed light on the conditions under which conflictive beliefs give way to an ethos of peace. The dissertation approaches this problematic through a critical reading of existing literature on migration and security and a multidisciplinary perspective that incorporates insights from research on international interventions, migration, psychology and socialpsychology. The empirical basis of the project is primarily two nationally representative surveys implemented at both ends of the migration chain linking Bosnia-Herzegovina and Sweden.

Publications

Hall, Jonathan. 2010. The Transnational Dimensions of Societal Reconciliation. Global Migration and Transnational Politics Working Paper No. 14. Arlington, VA: Center for Global Studies, George Mason University.

Hall, Jonathan. 2010. Diasporas and Civil War. In Tor G. Jakobsen, eds., War: An Introduction to Theories and Research on Collective Violence. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Hall, Jonathan and Roland Kostic. 2009. Does Integration Encourage Reconciliatory Attitudes among Diasporas? Global Migration and Transnational Politics Working Papers No. 7. Arlington, VA: Center for Global Studies, George Mason University. ISSN 1941-7586.

Hall, Jonathan and Ashok Swain, 2007. Catapulting Conflicts or Propelling Peace? Diasporas and Civil Wars. In Ashok Swain, Ramses Amer & Joakim Öjendal, eds., Globalization and Challenges to Peace Building. London: Anthem Press.

Hall, Jonathan, Roland Kostic and Ashok Swain. 2007. Diasporas and Peacebuilding: A Multifaceted Association. In Ashok Swain, ed., Diasporas, Armed Conflicts and Peace Building in their Homelands. Research Report No. 79. Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University. ISSN 0566-8808.

Conference Papers and Presentations

Hall, Jonathan and Roland Kostic. 2010. Integration for Peace? Integration and Reconciliation among Diasporas. Paper presented at Centre for the Study of Civil War (CSCW) Brown-Bag, Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO), 19 May, Oslo.

Hall, Jonathan and Roland Kostic. 2009. Integration for Peace? Integration and Reconciliation among Diasporas. Paper presented at “Exploring the Past, Anticipating the Future,” the 50th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association (ISA), 15-18 Feb, New York City.

Hall, Jonathan and Roland Kostic. 2009. Integration for Peace? Integration and Reconciliation among Diasporas. Paper presented at the 11th Annual Kokkalis Graduate Student Workshop, The John F. Kennedy School of Government and Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, 12-13 Feb, Cambridge.

Hall, Jonathan and Roland Kostic. 2009. Integration for Peace? Integration and Reconciliation among Diasporas. Paper presented at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, 5 Feb, Uppsala.

Hall, Jonathan. 2008. Diasporas in Civil Conflict and Peace: Motivations, Mechanisms and Impact. Paper presented at “Globalisation: Nation States, Forced Migration and Human Rights,” the annual conference of the Norwegian Association for Development Research, 27-28 Nov, Trondheim.

Hall, Jonathan, 2008. ‘Migrant Transnationalism and Homeland Reconciliation.’ Paper presented at ‘Rethinking Peace and Security: New Dimensions, Actors and Strategies,’ Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, 7-16 July, Coimbra.

Hall, Jonathan, 2008. ‘The Impact of Diasporas on Civil War and Peace: A Review and Critique of Theory and Evidence.’ Invited presentation. Paper presented at ‘Transnational Migrant Communities and the Study of Civil War,’ a workshop of the Transnational Facets of Civil War Working Group, Centre for the Study of Civil War (CSCW), Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO), 5-6 June, Oslo.

Hall, Jonathan and Roland Kostic, 2008. ‘Hostland Integration and Homeland Reconciliation: ‘Bosnian Diaspora in Sweden.’ Paper presented at the PhD Symposium in Peace and Conflict Research, 5-6 May, Uppsala.

Hall, Jonathan and Roland Kostic, 2008. ‘Hostland Integration and Homeland Reconciliation: Bosnian Diaspora in Sweden.’ Paper presented at ‘Bridging Multiple Divides,’ the 49th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association (ISA), 26-29 March, San Francisco.

Hall, Jonathan, 2007. ‘Summary of Day Two Proceedings.’ Presentation at ‘Diasporas and their Involvement in Peace Processes,’ organized by the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University and funded by the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. 14-16 May, Uppsala.

Hall, Jonathan and Ashok Swain, 2006. ‘Diasporas, Extremism and Civil War.’ Paper presented at ‘Globalization and Peacebuilding,’ organized by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, 6-8 November, Uppsala.

Hall, Jonathan and Ashok Swain, 2006. ‘Diasporas, Extremism and Civil War.’ Paper presented at University for Peace High-Level Expert Forum ‘Capacity Building for Peace and Development: Roles of Diaspora,’ 19-20 October, Toronto.

Other Project Activities

“Diasporas and their Involvement in Peace Processes”, conference hosted by the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, and funded by the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Uppsala, 14-16 May 2007.
Principle organizer: Jonathan Hall. For more information, please see www.peacenetwork.se/diaspora2007.

"Globalization and Peacebuilding", annual conference of the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research. (80 participants; 51 papers presented; 30 universities; 18 countries; 16 independent organizations & institutes.) Uppsala, 6-8 November 2006. Principle organizer: Jonathan Hall. For more information, please see www.peacenetwork.se/U2006.

Main Financial Support

Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs (UD)
HUMCRICON
The Marie Curie Fellowship Programme