Publications

Peer-reviewed journals, book chapters, and books:

Forthcoming

Elin Bjarnegård and Erik Melander (forthcoming). “Pacific Men: How the Feminist Gap Explains Hostility”, The Pacific Review. DOI:10.1080/09512748.2016.1264456. 

Ashley South (forthcoming). Ethnic Politics in Myanmar: Peace and Conflict, State and Nation in Burma. NIAS Press.

2017

Pavel K. Baev & Stein Tønnesson (2017). "The Troubled Russia–China Partnership as a Challenge to the East Asian Peace," Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, DOI 10.1007/s40647-017-0166-y.

2016

Charles Butcher and Isak Svensson (2016). ‘Manufacturing Dissent? Modernization and the Onset of Major Nonviolent Campaigns,’ Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 311-339.

Holly L. Guthrey (2016). 'Local Norms and Truth Telling: Examining Experienced Incompatibilities within Truth Commissions of Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste'. The Contemporary Pacific Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 1-29. 

Holly L. Guthrey (2016). 'Expectations and Promises in the Quest for Truth: Examining Victims' Perceptions of Truth Commission Participation in Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste'. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 306-317. 

Rex Li (2016). 'China’s Sea Power Aspirations and Strategic Behaviour in the South China Sea from the Theoretical Perspective of Identity Construction' in Enrico Fels and Truong-Minh Vu (eds.), Power Politics in Asia’s Contested Waters, Switzerland: Springer. 

Stein Tønnesson (2016). 'The Tonkin Gulf Model of Conflict Resolution' in C.J. Jenner and Tran Trong Thuy (eds.), The South China Sea, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 151-170.

Stein Tønnesson (2016). ‘Will Nationalism Drive Conflict in Asia?’ Nations and Nationalism Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 232–242​.

Ren Xiao, (2016). 'Idea Change Matters: China’s Practices and the East Asian Peace,' Asian Perspective, Vol.40, No. 2, pp. 329–356. 

2015

Pavel K. Baev & Stein Tønnesson (2015). "Can Russia keep its special ties with Vietnam while moving closer and closer to China?" International Area Studies Review, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 312–325. 

Elin Bjarnegård, Erik Melander, Gabrielle Bardall, Karen Brouneus, Erika Forsberg, Karin Johansson, Angela Muvumba Sellström, and Louise Olsson (2015). "Gender, peace and armed conflict", in SIPRI YearbookOxford: Oxford University Press. 

Jong Kun Choi (2015). "The Perils of Strategic Patience with North Korea"The Washington Quarterly Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 57-72. 

Lowell Dittmer and Mikael Weissmann (2015). ”China’s Maritime Embroilments”, Asian Survey,Vol., 55, No. 3, pp. 447-454. 

Kristine Eck (2015). 'Repression by Proxy: How Military Purges and Insurgency Impact the Delegation of Coercion', Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 59, No. 5, pp. 924-946.

Holly L. Guthrey (2015). Victim Healing and Truth Commissions: Transforming Pain through Voice in Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste. Springer, ISBN: 978-3-319-12486-5.

Linus Hagström and Ulv Hanssen (2015). War is peace: the rearticulation of ‘peace’ in Japan’s China discourse. Review of International Studies, June, pp. 1 - 21. 

Stamatis Laskaris & Joakim Kreutz (2015) "Rising Powers and the Responsibility to Protect: Will the Norm Survive in the Age of BRICS?" Global Affairs Vol. 1, pp. 149-158.

Liselotte Odgaard with Cedric de Coning and Thomas Mandrup (eds.) (2015). The BRICS and Coexistence: An Alternative Vision of World Order. Routledge, ISBN: 978-1-1388-78775-9.

Isak Svensson (2015)International Mediation Bias and Peacemaking: Taking Sides in Civil Wars. Routledge, ISBN: 0415660742.

Stein Tønnesson (2015).‘The South China Sea: Law Trumps Power,’ Asian Survey, Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 455–477.

Stein Tønnesson (2015). 'Deterrence, interdependence and Sino–US peace,' International Area Studies Review, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 297–311. 

Stein Tønnesson and Elin Bjarnegård (2015). 'Why So Much Conflict in Thailand?,' Thammasat Review, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 132-161. 

Mikael Weissmann (2015). “The South China Sea: Still no War on the Horizon”, Asian Survey, Vol., 55, No. 3, pp. 596-617.

Peter Wallensteen (2015). Comparing Conditions for Quality Peace, International Security Studies, Social Sciences Academic Press (China), Beijing, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 59- 76. Also in Chinese. 

2014

Jong Kun Choi and Joung Yun Bae (2014). ‘The Implications for Seoul of an Operationally Nuclear North Korea.’ In Gregory J. Moore, ed., North Korea Nuclear Operationality : Regional Security and Nonproliferation, Washington DC: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 53-76.

Anders Engvall and Magnus Andersson (2014). ‘The Dynamics of Conflict in Southern Thailand.’ Asian Economic Papers, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 169 - 189.

Benjamin E. Goldsmith (2014). “The East Asian Peace as a Second‐order Diffusion Effect”. International Studies Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 275–289.

Ben Goldsmith (2014). "Domestic Political Institutions and the Initiation of International Conflict in East Asia: Some Evidence for an Asian Democratic Peace". International Relations of the Asia-Pacific,  Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 59–90.

Joakim Kreutz (2014). ‘How Civil Wars End (and Recur)’, in Edward Newman and Karl DeRouen (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Civil War. London: Routledge. 

Liselotte Odgaard and Thomas Galasz Nielsen (2014). "China's Counterinsurgency Strategy in Tibet and Xinjiang." Journal of Contemporary China, pp. 1-21.  

Song Yann-huei and Zou Keyuan, eds. (2014). Major Law and Policy Issues in the South China Sea: European and American Perspectives, London: Ashgate.

Isak Svensson, Charles Butcher & Jonathan Sutton (2014). ‘Explaining Political Jiujitsu: Communications Infrastructure and the Outcomes of Regime Violence against Unarmed Protests,’ Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 51, No. 5, pp. 559-573.

Isak Svensson and Magnus Lundgren (2014). 'Mediation and peace agreements', in SIPRI Yearbook, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 43-55. 

Stein Tønnesson (2014). 'China's National Interests and the Law of the Sea: Are They Reconcilable?' in Wu Shicun and Nong Hong (eds.), Recent Developments in the South China Sea, London: Routledge: 199-227.

Mikael Weissman (2014). "Keeping Alive: Understanding North Korea’s Supply Lines and the Potential Role of Sanctions." Swedish Institute for International Affairs Paper, No. 6, pp. 1-26.

Mikael Weissman (2014). "Why is there a relative peace in the South China Sea?" in Pavin Chachavalpongpun, Entering Uncharterd Waters? ASEAN and The South China Sea Dispute, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, pp. 36-64.

Zou Keyuan (2014). ‘Maintaining Maritime Peace in East Asia: A Legal Perspective.’ Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies, Vol.1, No. 2, pp 27-49.

2013

Elin Bjarnegård (2013). Gender, Informal Institutions and Political Recruitment. Explaining Male Dominance in Parliamentary Representation. Palgrave.

Elin Bjarnegård and Erik Melander (2013). "Revisiting Representation: Communism, Politics, and the Decline of Armed Conflict in East Asia."International Interactions, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 558–574.

Jong Kun Choi (2013). ‘Bolstering Economic Interdependence Despite Bullying Memories in Northeast Asia.’ In T.J. Pempel, ed., The Economy-Security Nexus in Northeast Asia. London: Routledge, pp.  89-109.

Ben Goldsmith (2013). "Different in Asia?: Developmental States, Trade, and International Conflict Onset and Escalation." International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 175-205.

Rex Li (2013). "National Identity and Changing Great Power Relations in the Asia-Pacific: Is a Cold War Emerging?" The Asan Forum, July-August 2013.

Song Yann-Huei, and Stein Tönnesson (2013). "The Impact of the Law of the Sea Convention on Conflict and Conflict Management in the South China Sea." Ocean Development and International Law, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 235-269.

Isak Svensson, Elvira Bobekova, Scott Pearse-Smith (2013). ‘Rivers of Peace: Institutionalised Mekong River Cooperation and the East Asian Peace.’ European Journal of East Asian Studies, Vol. 12, pp. 7–34.

Stein Tönnesson, Erik Melander, Elin Bjarnegård, Isak Svensson, and Susanne Schaftenaar (2013). "The Fragile Peace in East and South East Asia." SIPRI Yearbook 2013.

Stein Tönnesson (2013). 'War and Peace Between Nations, 1945-2010', in Norman Owen (ed.), The Routledge Handbook on Southeast Asian History, London: Routledge, pp. 96-107. 

Stein Tønnesson (2013). 'Fra krig til fred i Østasia' ('From War to Peace in East Asia') in Hilde Henriksen Waage, Rolf Tamnes, and Hanne Hagtvedt Vik (eds.), Krig og fred i det lange 20. århundre (War and Peace in the Long 20th Century), Oslo: Cappelen Damm, pp. 187-208.

Stein Tönnesson (2013). 'Could China and Vietnam Resolve the Conflicts in the South China Sea?' in Song Yann-huei and Zou Keyuan (eds.), Major Law and Policy Issues in the South China Sea: European and American Perspectives, London: Ashgate, pp. 207-241.

Ren Xiao (2013). "The Rise of a Liberal China?" Journal of Global Policy and Governance, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 85-103.

Wang Yizhou 2013. (In Chinese.) [Creative Involvement: The Evolution of China’s Global Role.] Peking University Press.

Zou Keyuan (2013). “Building a 'Harmonious World': A Mission Impossible?” Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 75-99.

2012

Elin Bjarnegård (2012) “Who’s the Perfect Politician? Clientelism as a Defining Feature of Thai Politics” in Dirk Tomsa and Andreas Ufen, eds., Party Politics in Southeast Asia: Clientelism and Electoral Competition in Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines. Routledge.

Timo Kivimäki* (2012). Can Peace Research Make Peace? Ashgate.

Timo Kivimäki* (2012). “Sovereignty, Hegemony and Peace in Western Europe and in East Asia.” International Relations of the Asia Pacific.

Timo Kivimäki* (2012) “Southeast Asia and Conflict Prevention. Is ASEAN Running Out of Steam?” The Pacific Review, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 403 427.

Timo Kivimäki* (2012) “The Creation and Implementation of the ASEAN Charter.” Review Essay, Asian Security, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 213-219.

Joakim Kreutz (2012). ‘From Tremors to Talks: Do Natural Disasters Produce Ripe Moments for Resolving Separatist Conflicts?’ International Interactions, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 482-502.

Chung-in Moon** (2012) The Sunshine Policy. Yonsei University Press.

Isak Svensson (2012) Ending Holy Wars: Religion and Conflict Resolution. University of Queensland Press.

Mikael Weissmann** (2012) The East Asian Peace: Conflict Prevention and Informal Peacebuilding. Palgrave Macmillan.

2011

Elin Bjarnegård and Erik Melander (2011). "Disentangling gender, peace and democratization: the negative effects of militarized masculinity." Journal of Gender Studies, Vol. 20, pp. 139-154. 

Timo Kivimäki (2011). "Security and Peace in East Asia and the Asia-Pacific", review essay, Asian Security, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 169–175.

Timo Kivimäki (2011). “East Asian Relative Peace and the ASEAN Way”, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 57-85.

Robert S. Ross (2011) “China's Three Rises, Regional Power Transitions and East Asian Security:1949 to the Twenty-First Century,” in William C. Kirby, ed., The People's Republic of China at 60: An International Assessment. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center).

Robert S. Ross (2011) “The Rise of Russia. Sino-Russian Relations, and U.S. Security Policy,” in Gustaaf Geeraerts and Eva Gross, eds., Perspectives for a European Security Strategy Towards Asia: Views from Asia, Europe and the US. (Brussels:Academic & Scientific Publishers).

Isak Svensson (2011). “East Asian Peacemaking: Exploring the patterns of conflict management and conflict settlement in East Asia”, Asian Perspective, April-June 2011, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 163-185. 

Isak Svensson and Mathilda Lindgren (2011). "From bombs to banners? The decline of wars and the rise of unarmed uprisings in East Asia", Security Dialogue, Vol. 42, pp. 219-237.

Isak Svensson and E. Harding (2011). “How holy wars end: exploring the termination pattern of religious conflicts in Asia.” Terrorism and Political Violence, 23: 133-149. 

Wang Yizhou 2011. (In Chinese.) [Creative Involvement: A New Direction for China’s Foreign Policy.] Peking University Press.

Other publications:

2016

Stein Tønnesson (2016). Den östasiatiska freden: Sluttrapport från ett forskningsprogram. Makadam. 

2015

Elin Bjarnegård (2015). "Addressing Fear and Injustice to Create an East Asian Culture of Peace"Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Kristine Eck (2015). "Cracking Down on Conflict: East Asia’s Repressive Peace"Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Holly L. Guthrey (2015). "Forgetting Undermines the East Asian Peace", Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Joakim Kreutz (2015). "Outsiders Matter: External Actors and the Decline of Armed Conflict in Southeast Asia", Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Börje Ljunggren (2015). "The Chinese Dream: Does it Challenge East Asia’s Peace?", Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Erik Melander (2015). "Gender and Masculine Honor Ideology: Why They Matter for Peace", Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Isak Svensson (2015). "A Surprising Calm: the Religious Peace in East Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Stein Tønnesson (2015). "The East Asian Peace: How Did It Happen? How Deep Is It?", Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

Stein Tønnesson (2015). "Explaining East Asia's Developmental Peace: the Dividends of Economic Growth",  Global Asia, Vol. 10, No. 4. 

2014

Elin Bjarnegård and Erik Melander (2014).‘Thailand’s Missing Democrats: Reds, Yellows, and the Silent Majority’ Foreign Affairs, 22 May.

Jong Kun Choi (2014). 'Japan prods history's unhealed wounds' Global Times, 13 January.  

2013

Jong Kun Choi (2013). "Korean crisis hints at future Sino-US ties" Global Times, 23 May 2013.

Jong Kun Choi (2013). "South Korea, US agree on how to handle NK" Korean Times, 12 May 2013.

Jong Kun Choi (2013). "Nuclear advocates have little pull in S.Korea" Global Times, 21 March 2013.

Jong Kun Choi (2013). "Why South Korea is uneasy about Abe" Global Times, 20 January 2013.

Kristine Eck (2013). "Myanmar's democratic transition: Doomed to stall" Al Jazeera, 12 February 2013.

Hoang Anh Tuan (2013). "Why the new Vietnamese–Indonesian strategic partnership will strengthen ASEAN" East Asia Forum, 20 August 2013.

Hoang Anh Tuan (2013). "High Hopes and New Realities for the Vietnam-US Relationship" Asia-Pacific Bulletin, 1 August 2013.

Hoang Anh Tuan (2013). "The Fragile and Vulnerable Foundation of the Sino-US Relationship" Pacnet, 15 July 2013.

Ren Xiao (2013). "China Debates DPRK Policy" Pacnet, 22 July 2013.


2012

Hoang Anh Tuan (2012) "Chinese Strategic Miscalculations in the South China Sea." Asia Pacific Bulletin.

Joakim Kreutz (2012) "Myanmar: Why Democracy May Not Bring Peace" Fair Observer, 29 June 2012.

Joakim Kreutz (2012). ‘Burma: Between elections and democracy.’ Open Democracy, 5 April 2012. 

Thitinan Pongsudhirak (2012). "After Europe, Suu Kyi faces tough challenge" Bangkok Post, 15 June 2012.  

Thitinan Pongsudhirak (2012). "Uneasy truce and elusive reconciliationBangkok Post, 30 March 2012.  

Thitinan Pongsudhirak (2012). "Obama's Southeast Asia visit: re-engaging with the region" East Asia Forum, 20 November 2012.

Isak Svensson (2012). "'Heliga' krig kan nå fredslösning." (Swedish) UNT, 28 December 2012.

Stein Tönnesson (2012). "China's Boomerang Diplomacy" YaleGlobal, 16 November 2012.


2011
Timo Kivimäki (2011), “What Price Democracy? How the West Could Learn From East Asia”, Global Asia, Vol. 6, No. 4. Online available at: http://www.globalasia.org/V6N4_Winter_2011/Timo_Kivimaki.html

Timo Kivimäki (2011) “Myths and Reality about Conflict Risks in Southeast Asia.” CARI Quest (Journal of CIMB ASEAN Research Institute), October 2011.

Thomas G. Nielsen and Liselotte Odgaard (2011), “China’s Counterinsurgency Strategy in Tibet and Xinjiang”, Asia Pacific Memo. Memo no. 88. Online available at: http://www.asiapacificmemo.ca/china-counterinsurgency-strategy-in-tibet-and-xinjiang

Robert S. Ross (2011) “Chinese Nationalism and Its Discontents,” The National Interest, no. 116 (November-December 2011). Published in China as Zhonguo de Minzu Zhuyi ji Qi bu Manzuzhe, at http://www.zhongdaonet.com/NewsInfo.aspx?id=2122

Stein Tønnesson (2011), Review of Robert Cribb (2010), Digital Atlas of Indonesian History (Copenhagen: NIAS), H-Net Reviews, August 2011.

Stein Tønnesson (2011) Review of Anthony Reid (2010), Imperial Alchemy. Nationalism and Political Identity in Southeast Asia (Cambridge University Press), Pacific Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 2, June 2011.

Stein Tønnesson (2011), “How to Calm the South China Sea Storm”, My Paper (Singapore), 27 June 2011.

* Timo Kivimäki contributed to the EAP Program from 1 January 2011 - 16 July 2012.

** Professor Chung-in Moon and Dr Mikael Weissmann are part of the East Asian Peace Program. These publications topically relate to the program but did not necessarily derive from their activities within the program.

EAP

News

17-02-02

Sino-Russia relations

EAP Program Leader Stein Tönnesson and Research Associate Pavel Baev publish "The Troubled Russia–China Partnership as a Challenge to the East Asian Peace" in the Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. 

17-01-22

South Korea-US relations

EAP Research Associate Jong Kun Choi was interviewed in an article titled "Korea should avoid getting stuck between US, China" in the Korea Herald.

17-01-05

Can the East Asian Peace Survive under Trump?

Norwegian public radio interviewed program leader Stein Tønnesson about this question on 5 January 2017, together with Dr Eirik Torsvoll, (PluriCourts program, University of Oslo), and  Professor Nils Petter Gleditsch (Peace Research Institute Oslo, PRIO). Professor Gleditsch has recently published a book in Norwegian, entitled Towards a More Peaceful World? During the discussion, Stein Tønnesson presented findings from the East Asian Peace program and predicted a crisis in Sino-US relations but he also saw some win-win opportunities in connection with a reset of Sino-US terms of trade. He thought the East Asian Peace would hold - because everyone knows how catastrophic  the alternative could be.

If you understand Norwegian, you may listen to the discussion here.

16-12-2016

War or peace in East Asia?

Stein Tönnesson will participate in a seminar titled "War or Peace in East Asia?" at NIAS-Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, University of Copenhagen. More information can be found here.

7-12-2016

US-Asia relations

EAP Advisory Board member Bates Gill publishes "Can Trump keep his balance in Asia?" in the Pacific Forum newsletter published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies

7-12-2016

The East Asian Peace: Can it Last?

EAP Advisory Board member Börje Ljunggren will give a talk titled "The East Asian Peace: Can it Last?" Co-sponsored by the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies and the Harvard University Asia Center. More information can be found here. 

25-11-2016

Our film screened in Cambodia

Our 16 minutes film East Asia's Surprising Peace  was screened at the 5th Annual Peace Practitioners Research Conference in Siem Reap, Cambodia, on 25 November 2016.

Afterwards, Stein Tønnesson gave a keynote address about the East Asian Peace and how it can be made more viable. The artist Chan Wai made the drawing here, summarizing the main points. It includes an illustration used in Japanese schoolbooks from 1947 onward to show Japan's renunciation of war.

23-11-2016

Trust and Distrust in Sino-American Relations

Professor Steve Chan will give a talk titled "Trust and Distrust in Sino-American Relations" at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University. The talk will be held in Sal. 2 from 15:15-17:00 on 23 November.

22-09-2016

The East Asian Peace – in Swedish!

Stein Tønnesson, Isak Svensson and Elin Bjarnegård gave a 30 minute presentation of the East Asian Peace programme at the Göteborg book fair on 22 September 2016, emphasizing the disagreements among themselves as to how the peace may be explained, and whether or not the region can be considered peaceful. See their presentation here.

04-07-2016

Is the East Asian Peace threatened?

The 4th of July 2016 China Day at the annual Swedish Almedalen week in Visby, Gotland, includes a panel at 1 pm about the East Asian Peace, where program core group members Joakim Kreutz and Isak Svensson, and Advisory Board Member Börje Ljunggren discuss (in Swedish) if the East Asian Peace is under threat. For the full program of the China Day, see: https://www.facebook.com/events/1712190189030851/

03-06-2016

South China Sea

On June 3, 2016 the EU Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) published online the report Sense and sensibility: adressing the South China Sea disputes, edited by Eva Pejsova. It includes chapters by two of the East Asian Peace program’s researchers: Liselotte Odgaard, “How to defuse Sino-US tensions in the SCS?” (pp. 17-23) and Stein Tønnesson, “UN Compulsory Arbitration: A tough test for China” (pp. 25-30).

11-05-2016

Conflict in East Asia

EAP Program leader Stein Tönnesson publishes ‘Will Nationalism Drive Conflict in Asia?’ in Nations and Nationalism journal. 

26-04-2016

EAP-Can it last?

EAP Program leader Stein Tönnesson participated in a roundtable discussion titled "The East Asian Peace: Can it Last?" at NIAS-Nordic Institute for Asian Studies in Copenhagen on 26 April. 

13-04-2016

Myanmar

EAP Program leader Stein Tönnesson publishes "Myanmar’s ethnic minorities marginalised more" in East Asia Forum with Marte Nilsen.

07-03-2016

EAP Advisory Board member Börje Ljunggren publishes "Växande oro för Kinas framtidsdrömmar" in Svenska Dagbladet. 

15-02-2016

Myanmar

EAP Research Associate Ashley South publishes "Schooling and Conflict: Ethnic Education and Mother Tongue-based Teaching in Myanmar" with Marie Lall. 

10-02-2016

China-Taiwan relations

Scott L. Kastner publishes "Is the Taiwan Strait
Still a Flash Point? Rethinking the Prospects for Armed
Conflict between China and Taiwan"
based on EAP Fourth Annual Conference paper in International Security. 

03-02-2016

Nonviolence

EAP Core Group member Isak Svensson publishes "Manufacturing Dissent: Modernization and the Onset of Major Nonviolent Resistance Campaigns" in the Journal for Conflict Resolution with Dr Charles Butcher.

13-01-2016

North Korea

EAP Research Associate Jong Kun Choi publishes "The Perils of Strategic Patience with North Korea" in the Washington Quarterly journal.