Masculinity, Nationalism and Military Service in a Conflict Zone: Surveys in Southern Thailand

Project leader 

Erik Melander

Period

2017 - 2020

Other participants

Elin Bjarnegård, Srisompob Jitpiromsri, Anders Engvall och Chayanit Poonyarat

Project description

This project investigates the relationships between masculine honor ideology and nationalism on the one hand, and military service in a context of active armed conflict on the other. The study examines opposite causal directions, i.e., (1) how masculine honor ideology and nationalism influence propensity to volunteer for military service in an active conflict zone; and (2) how military socialization and experience of service in an active conflict zone influence masculine honor ideology and nationalism. Theory holds that individuals who more strongly embrace masculine honor ideology and nationalism are more likely to join a militant organization and participate in violence. However, other arguments posit that the experience of being a member of a militant organization, and experiencing violence, boost militarized masculinity and nationalism.

Surveys in the South of Thailand, where a separatist insurgency rages, will be combined with in-depth interviews. Conscripts, a control group, and paramilitary volunteers will be surveyed in year 1 (before service) and year 3 (after service). The in-depth interviews in year 2 will build on the first set of surveys.

This is a continuation of ongoing cooperation between Uppsala University and Prince of Songkhla University, Pattani, Thailand.

Financer

Vetenskapsrådet (The Swedish Research Council)

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