The Sanctions Program SPITS
Sanctions research has long been associated with the Department of Peace and Conflict Research (read more in under About SPITS). SPITS was initiated as the "Stockholm Process" by the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs together with the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University in November 2001. The Stockholm Report ("Making Targeted Sanctions Effective") was delivered to the Security Council on February 25, 2003.
The work has since then continued by:
- Deepening academic research on targeted sanctions, in systematic studies
- Contributing to policy making in the sanctions field, by producing reports based on research, and
- Keeping a website continuously updated on development on sanctions issues in the United Nations.
Furthermore, SPITS conducts studies:
- On particular sanctions situations: Notably Iraq, Burma/Myanmar, Western Africa and Angola.
- On particular types of sanctions: notably arms trade and individual sanctions (forthcoming, Global Governance, May 2012).
- On particular senders of sanctions: notably EU and comparisons of EU and the UN.
- On sanctions in peacebuilding situations, where also positive sanctions become a concern. Applications have recently been submitted to Sida and USAID on this score.
The program collaborates with the Sanctions and Security Research Program which is a project of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame, and also with the UN Targeted Sanctions Consortium, based at The Graduate Institute, Geneva and the Watson Institute at Brown University.
Recent resolutions by the UNSC
22 December 2017 – With Resolution 2397 the Security Council decides that arms embargo, assets freeze and travel ban imposed by resolution 1718 in 2006 and resolution 2371 in 2017, continues to apply to individuals and entities listed in this resolution. It is also decided that Member States shall prohibit supply, sale or transfer of all crude oil to the DPRK unless the Committee approves in advance on a case-by case basis and exclusively for livelyhood purposes of DPRK nationals and unrelated to DPRKs nuclear or ballistic missile programmes. The same applies to all refined petroleum products up to a in the resolution specified amount if notified to the Committee and given that products are not associated with the DPRK’s nuclear or ballistic missile programmes.
The SC decides that the DPRK shall not supply, sell or transfer food and agricultural products, machinery, electronical equipment, earth and stone including magnesite and magnesia, wood, and vessels and that all States shall prohibit the procurement of the above menntioned commodities and products from DPRK. Member States shall also prohibit supply, sale or transfer to the DPRK of all industrial machinery, transportation vehicles and iron stel and other metals.
The mandate of the Committee as set out in resolution 1718 from 2006 and the mandate of the Panel of Experts as specified in resolution 1874 from 2009 shall apply with respect to measures imposed in this resolution.
5 September 2017 – With Resolution 2374 the Security Council imposes a travel ban and assets freeze on individuals and entities engaging in hostilities in violation of the Agreement.
A Sanctions Committee is established to monitor the implementation of the measures imposed by resolution 2374 and to designate individuals and entities subject to the measures.