Program and Project Archive

Table of contents:

The following programs and projects have been successfully accomplished during the last years at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research. The program and projects are listed in alphabetical order according to the name of the project leader.

Program archive

Conflict & Democracy Program

Program coordinator: Anna Jarstad | Program Page

Program committee: Mats Hammarström, Kristine Höglund, Anna Jarstad, Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs, Erik Noreen, Thomas Ohlson, Margareta Sollenberg, Peter Wallensteen, Magnus Öberg.

The program brings together research projects, which analyse democracy and democratisation as means of conflict management as well as potential causes of armed conflicts.

The aim of the program is to deepen the understanding of the relationship between democracy and armed conflict worldwide. It involves academic and policy oriented research based on various theoretical and methodological approaches.

East Asian Peace Program

The East Asian Peace program aims at explaining the East Asian peace and establishing its depth. The program, funded by the Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, is led by Stein Tønnesson at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University. 

Improving the effectiveness of multilateral trade negotiations: A multidisciplinary program approach

Program coordinator: Cecilia Albin | Program summary

Program duration: 2010 - 2012

Explores the dynamics of multilateral negotiations and governance, and ways of improving effectiveness, with a focus on trade and the WTO.

Currently seven projects involving ten researchers from different departments and universities.

Presentation of program/project work, 4th International Biennale, Negocia, Paris, November 2010

Programme on Governance, Conflict and Peacebuilding

The Programme on Governance, Conflict and Peacebuilding is about causes of armed conflict and causes of conflict prevention and conflict resolution. It focuses on intra-state conflict situations in weak states and regions of the world.

Project archive

Making Peace Agreements Durable: The Role of Justice

Project leader: Cecilia Albin and Daniel Druckman | Project Page

The project develops multiple indicators of 'justice' and 'durability' and investigates a number of questions about the relationship between the two: whether just agreements are more durable and stable than other agreements, and whether "the more just, the more durable over time"; the importance of justice relative to other major factors known to influence the durability of agreements; and how justice and other factors interact under different circumstances and in different cases. Multi-method and multidisciplinary

Negotiation Theory and the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process

Project leader: Cecilia Albin | Project Page

This project revisits and evaluates established negotiation theory in light of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process since 2000.

Reconciliation after Internal Conflict

Project leader: Karen Brouneus 

Studies show that war spurs war. Countries in protracted conflict fall into what some call a conflict trap – a vicious circle of repeating war. Over the last decade, the concept of reconciliation has increasingly been discussed as a method to prevent further conflict in war-torn societies. However, up to date very few systematic studies have been conducted regarding reconciliation. There is need for both empirical and theoretical knowledge.

This dissertation project focuses on reconciliation after internal conflict. In particular, it focuses on the reconciliation process in Rwanda and the psychological aspects of the gacaca process. Fieldwork has recently been conducted in Rwanda to study how participation in the gacaca affects psychological health, including one survey and 16 in-depth interviews with women genocide survivors.

The dissertation was finalized in April 2008.

Targeted Sanctions: Focusing on EU

Project leader: Mikael Eriksson | Project Page

The Swedish Research Council has decided to support the project ”Targeted Sanctions on Individuals”. The aim of the research project is to systematically look at those factors that may affect those individuals brought under sanctions and to see under what circumstances the international community succeeds being effective (measured by compliance of the exposed).

An important part of the study is to collect empirical data that may reveal how the individual reacted and behaved when sanction was introduced. Interpretation of the result will likely be drawn from the field of social psychology and decision making under crisis.

Threatening Ties: Understanding Wartime Civilian Targeting along Ethnic Lines

Project leader: Hanne Fjelde | Project Page

Project Period: 2015-2018

This research project will seek to identify the conditions under which civilians are more likely to be collectively targeted in internal armed conflicts on the basis of their ethnic identity. To this end, the project will collect global data on the ethnic affiliation of civilian targets for all civil wars from 1989-2014.

Inequality and Insurgency in India: A Disaggregated Analysis of the Link between Gender Inequality and Armed Conflict

Project leader: Erika Forsberg | Project Page

Project Period: 2015-2018

Does gender inequality explain subnational variations in the risk and magnitude of armed conflict? The purpose of this project is to address this question through statistical analysis of new micro-level data on India’s 640 districts and qualitative fieldwork in select districts. Prior research has found robust support for a relationship between gender inequality and violent conflict on the country-level. However, many propositions for why inequality would be related to the risk of violent conflict rely on notions about norms, grievances and capacity which operate at a local level and which, hence, may not be fully captured by country-level data.

The Transnational Dimensions of Post-War Reconciliation

Project leader: Jonathan Hall l Project Page

Project Period: 2007 - 2012

This dissertation project takes a transnational perspective on post-war reconciliation, examining the factors that contribute to reconciliation both in the local and war-generated diaspora populations of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the linkages between the two. It reflects upon international peacebuilding from a critical perspective, and aims to test key components of liberal peace theory using new data. The project involves conducting two nationally representative surveys implemented simultaneously in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Sweden. 

Accommodation of Interstate Minority Conflicts in Eastern Europe

Project leader: Mats Hammarström | Project Page

With the dramatic collapse of the Soviet Union many observers expected an escalation of the tensions between East European states over their long-standing, unresolved national minority problems.

The Diffusion of Military Conflict

Project leader: Mats Hammarström | Project Page

This project assesses the fruitfulness of applying network analysis to diffusion of interstate military conflict.

Protection of Civilians: UN Peacekeeping Strategies and their Effectiveness 

Project leader: Lisa Hultman l Project Page

Project Period: 2013 - 2016

Targeting the Unarmed: Strategic Rebel Violence in Civil War

Project leader: Lisa Hultman | Project Page

Rebel attacks on civilians is one of the gravest threats to human security in contemporary armed conflicts. This dissertation project examines how such violence relates to the conflict dynamics and different types of violent interactions taking place during the armed struggle. 

Electing Violence? The Causes of Electoral Violence in Africa 

Project leader: Kristine Höglund | Project Page

Project Period: 2011 - 2016

Under what conditions do elections lead to violence? This project advances the knowledge about electoral violence by employ a mixed methodology of combining quantitative analysis of new, sub-national data on electoral violence in Africa (1989–2008), with a qualitative analysis of four African countries.

The Legitimate Intervener

Armed Intervention in Afghanistan and the Quest for Local Legitimacy

Project leader: Lisa Karlborg | Project Page

Project Period: 2010 – 2016 

Recent armed interventions have called on intervening armed forces to (re)build a legitimate social contract between host citizens and host authorities; a social contract that is viable without the presence of intervening armed forces. This research project explores perceptions of local legitimacy in the context of armed intervention in Afghanistan, focusing in particular on the relationship between Afghan population and intervening forces.

Ambivalent Peace: International Nation-Building, Group Identity and Reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project leader: Roland Kostic | Project Page

This dissertation project focuses on how a third party can mitigate inter-group insecurity in the aftermath of ethnic conflict.

Alliance Patterns and Small State Security in East and Central Europe

Project leader: Claes Levinsson | Project Page

This research project deals with the transformed security concept, and the subsequent political strategies to re-shape the security environment according to the principles of cooperative security.

Understanding Mediator Style

Project Leader: Mathilda Lindgren | Project page

Project Period: 2012 - 2016

What explains mediator style of mediators operating in armed conflicts? This project explores this question for organisational peacemakers, leveraging survey experiments, in-depth interviews and case studies of IGO and NGO mediators.

Forced Expulsion of Civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo

Project leader: Erik Melander | Project Page

This project examines the processes of forced expulsion of civilians in internal armed conflicts. To do this, it collects detailed data on severe human rights violations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo during the 1990's.

Forced Migration in Armed Conflicts: Scope and Duration

Project leader: Erik Melander | Project Page

The project studies forced migration in intra-state armed conflict. A new global dataset is created covering relevant factors since 1964.

In the Shadow of Settlement: Multiple Rebel Groups and Precarious Peace

Project leader: Desirée Nilsson | Project page

This dissertation project addresses the question of how to provide durable peace in the aftermath of a negotiated settlement.

Peace by Piece - Multiple Actors in Peace Processes in Civil Wars

Project leader: Desirée Nilsson | Project page

Project Period: 2007 - 2011

The purpose of this project is to explore how the presence of multiple actors in civil wars affects the prospects of reaching negotiated settlements and durable peace. The study explores global patterns by employing unique data on peace agreements in the entire post-Cold War period, and entails an in-depth study of the Liberian peace process. The project also encompasses visits to two research environments. During the fall 2008 Nilsson was a Visiting Fellow at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Notre Dame University, and in September 2007 a Visiting Fellow at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO). 

Who, Where and Why: Understanding the Microfoundations of Civil War

Project Leader: Desirée Nilsson | Project page

Project Period: 2010 - 2015

This project conducts a disaggregated analysis of civil wars employing new and unique micro-level data on the conflict behaviour of warring actors and their geographical location. Three puzzles are examined: (1) why rebel groups deliberately kill civilians; (2) why rebel groups engage in battle with other rebel groups; and (3) why some rebel groups are offered peaceful bargains by the government to end their fighting. 

Turning spoilers into Statemen: Third Party Strategies for Sustainable Peace in West Africa

Project page

Project Period: 2008 - 2012

The purpose of this project is to address the following research question: Why do some warring parties, following a peace agreement in a civil war, act as spoilers and resort to arms, while others turn into statesmen and remain committed to peace? This critical question is addressed through a two-folded research process. First, an analytical framework is developed based on previous research. Second, case studies of three peace processes in West Africa;

Autonomy as a Conflict-Solving Mechanism

Project leader: Kjell-Åke Nordquist | Project Page

This project studies under what conditions autonomies are likely to result in durable settlements of internal conflict.

Threat Politics

Project leader: Erik Noreen | Project page

The project aims at explaining why certain threat images appear on the political agenda and others do not, with focus on the Baltic Sea region.

UN Peacekeeping Operations and Host States’ Gender Relations: Exploring the Consequences

Project leader: Louise Olsson | Project page

The project will show how the relationship between men and women in the host society is affected by a multidimensional, multicultural peacekeeping operation put in place by the UN to end an armed conflict.

Partnership Project

Project Leader: Thomas Ohlson | Project Page

Project Period: 2009 - 2012 

When is a Threat Threatening? The Social Construction of National Security

Project leader: Roxanna Sjöstedt | Project page

Project Period: 2005 - 2010

By analysing the cases of HIV/AIDS and terrorism in the security contexts of Russia and the United States, this dissertation seeks to demonstrate how norms and identities at the international and domestic levels interact with the internalization processes of individual decision-makers and make a securitizing move possible. 

Political and Social Effects of Internal Armed Conflict

Project leader: Margareta Sollenberg | Project page

Democracy and Social Capital in Segmented Societies

Project leader: Ashok Swain | Project page

Why are some democratic governments in segmented societies more successful than others? Why are some protest movements more successful in mobilising support than others?

Book Project: Social Movement and Public Policy: Education as an Agenda of Social Action

Project leader: Ashok Swain | Project page

A critical review of the social actions for education undertaken in various regions (South America, North America, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East, and South Asia).

Diasporas and Their Involvement in Peace Processes

Project leader: Ashok Swain | Project page

Understanding what shapes the attitudes and behaviour of diasporas is very important given their potential power to influence the situation in the homeland for better or worse. 

Regional Cooperation and Conflict Management in Southeast Asia

Project leader: Ashok Swain | Project page

Investigation of how regional cooperation mechanism influence conflict management strategies in the Southeast Asia region and, by doing so, create more favourable conditions for the overall development.

Talking Peace: The Causes and Outcomes of Peace Negotiations in Intrastate Armed conflict

Project leader: Isak Svensson | Project page

Why do parties in intra-state, armed conflict choose to negotiate in some cases, but not others? And why do some of those negotiations bring parties to end their dispute in a negotiated settlement, while others do not? This project aims to test the difference between the phases of de-escalation in armed conflicts.

From Rebels to Statesmen? The Transformation of Rebel Groups to Political Parties in Civil War Peace Processes From Rebels to Statesmen.

Project leader: Ewa Mimmi Söderberg-Kovac | Project Page

Armed Conflict in the European Space

Project leader: Peter Wallensteen | Project page

1. Studies of conflict trends in Europe
2. Civilian effects of armed conflicts
3. Prevention strategies
4. Reconciliation in intra-state conflict.

Signalling and self-Selection: The escalation of Ethnic Conflict to war

Project leader: Magnus Öberg | Project Page

The purpose of this project is to explain why ethnic groups challenge government authority, and under what circumstances this leads to war.

Political Systems, Resource Distribution and Civil War

Project leader: Magnus Öberg | Project Page

The purpose of this project is to investigate empirically and theoretically the connections between political system, resource distribution, and the risk of civil war.