Political institutions and conflict
Research at the Department related to the topic of political institutions and conflict.
THE URBAN DILEMMA: URBANISATION AND ETHNOCOMMUNAL CONFLICT
Project leader: Emma Elfversson
Urbanisation simultaneously holds a strong potential for progress and democracy-enhancement, and for destructive and violence-inducing dynamics, a fact encapsulated in the notion of an “urban dilemma”. This project seeks to advance knowledge on why urbanisation brings with it intensified ethnic grievances and increasing levels of inter-group violence in the cities in some cases, but not in others, combining quantitative methods with in-depth field research in Addis Abeba, Kampala, and Nairobi.
Political legacies of electoral violence: Understanding challenges for democratic transition
Project leader: Hanne Fjelde
PROTEST, DEMOCRATISATION, AND ESCALATION TO LARGE-SCALE POLITICAL VIOLENCE
Project leader: Espen Geelmuyden Rød
Politics of Protection: Explaining International Responses to Atrocities
Project leader: Lisa Hultman
The recent decades have witnessed a normative change in the debate about international intervention in addressing war crimes and violence against civilians. There is often an expectation that the UN or other international actors should react when civilians are being harmed. This project focuses on these politics of protection. It explores the factors that determine when the international community decides to intervene to stop civilians from being harmed, and what form such interventions take.
The Institutional Roots of Electoral Violence
Project leader: Kristine Höglund
How is the risk of election-induced violence influenced by institutional developments before, during and after the transition from authoritarian to democratic rule? This project advances the knowledge about electoral violence and its institutional roots by combining qualitative and quantitative approaches.
Demagogues of Hate or Shepherds of Peace? Why 'Warlord Democrats' (Re)securitise Wartime Identities
Project leader: Anders Themnér
This project seeks to explain why some military-leaders turned politicians ('warlord democrats') - who are taking part in national elections - seek to (re)securitise wartime identifies, while others do not. It focuses on warlord democrats in Nigeria and South Sudan.
UN IN ARMED CONFLICT
Project leader: Peter Wallensteen
The UN has been activated in the management and resolution of armed conflict since the end of the Cold War. UN actions since 1946 are continuously analysed. This project has studied the decisions in the Security Council in a series of publications. The project also has an ongoing interest in UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld and his performance in international conflict prevention. This work relates to other Department projects on mediation, conflict prevention, UCDP, and to the work of targeted sanctions, see SPITS project page.